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Traffic rules

The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.


Maneuvers

A maneuver is an action for which a driver must be extra careful and attentive. For example: Parking and overtaking.

Parking

Drivers are responsible for making sure that their vehicle is not a hazard when it is parked. Park your vehicle at a place where it is allowed and make sure it is clearly visible for other road users. If you must park on a roadway, park your vehicle as close to the footpath as you can. When you park on a hill, turn your wheels sharply towards footpath. This way, your vehicle can’t roll on the carriageway.

  • Always park in a designated area if possible.
  • Always set your parking brake when you park.
  • Leave the vehicle in gear or in “park” if it has an automatic transmission.
  • Look out for other road users before you open the door.
  • Never leave the key in the ignition.
  • Shut the door as soon as you can after getting out.
  • Lock the doors whenever you leave your vehicle.


Parking is allowed


Parking only allowed on the road


Parking only allowed partly on the road


Parking only allowed on the sidewalk


Parking prohibited


Parking and stopping prohibited


Overtaking

When a vehicle is driving slower than the maximum speed, you can overtake the vehicle on the left. Overtaking is a very dangerous maneuver. Only overtake if there is enough space and if the road is completely free. When overtaking a pedestrian, cyclist or moped, there must be at least 1 meter distance. Overtaking is prohibited at crossroads, slopes, dangerous curves and crossings.

Overtaking prohibited


End of the overtaking prohibition


Overtaking prohibited for trucks


End of the overtaking prohibition for trucks


Merging

High-speed roads generally have a ramp/slip-in lane to give you time to build up speed. Use the ramp to achieve the same speed as the vehicles on the main road. If you have to wait for space on the main road, drive slower so that you have enough space to merge onto the main road.



Backing

Backing is usually done when parking the vehicle. Drivers do not expect a vehicle to be backing towards them and may not realize it until it is too late. If you miss your turn or exit, do not back up but go on to where you can safely turn around.