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Traffic rules

The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.


10. Accident

An accident is often happening quickly. What should you do if you are involved in an accident?


Do not move a injured person, they may have internal bleeding or fractures.


In the event of an accident or breakdown, you must place the warning triangle to warn other road users.


Injured

In case of an accident with minor injuries you move the vehicle to a place where it’s allowed to stand. If that is not possible or if there are serious injuries, then you place the warning triangle and try to prevent more accidents from happening. Call the international emergency number 112, with this number the police is also automatically informed. In an accident with injuries, you should always notify the police. Do not move seriously injured, only if it is absolutely necessary. They can have fractures or internal bleeding. A helmet is best left on the head, except if the injured person has breathing difficulties or, for example, must vomit. Do not give a wounded person a drink or medication (not even water). In case of severe bleeding, cover the wound or apply a pressure bandage.

  • Call the international emergency number 112, with this number the police will also be automatically notified.
  • Do not move a injured person, they may have internal bleeding or fractures.
  • It is best to leave a helmet on the head, unless the injured person has breathing difficulties or is vomiting.
  • Do not an injured person any drink or medicine, not even water.
  • First aid in the event of an accident is offering assistance while waiting for professional emergency services.

Do not move a injured person, they may have internal bleeding or fractures.


Call the international emergency number 112, with this number the police will also be automatically notified.


Damage

In case of an accident with damage, you move the vehicle to a place where it’s allowed to stand. If that is not possible, then you place the warning triangle and try to prevent more accidents from happening. Also think about your own safety! In the case of an accident without injuries, it’s not necessary to notify the police, it is enough to fill in and sign the European accident claim form. With your signature you confirm that you agree with what has been entered on the document. The front of the form is completed and signed by both parties. The back of the form you fill in separately (may also be at home). You must always stay on site if you are involved in an accident. From the age of 15 you are obliged to show your identity card if one of the people involved requests it. In case of discussion, it is best to let the police come.

  • Move your vehicle to a safe place or place the warning triangle to avoid more accidents.
  • In the event of an accident without injuries, you do not need to have the police come, all you need to do is fill in the accident statement.
  • From the age of 15 you are obliged to show your identity card if someone involved requests it.
  • A vehicle is a total loss when the value after the damage plus the repair costs is higher than the value before the damage.

Move your vehicle to a safe place or place the warning triangle to avoid more accidents.


In the event of an accident without injuries, you do not need to have the police come, all you need to do is fill in the accident statement.


Accident Statement

You must complete the European accident statement if you are involved in an accident. The front of the form is completed and signed by both parties. Fill in the back of the form separately (may also be at home). With your signature, you confirm that you agree with what has been entered on the document.

  • This is the front of the accident statement and must be completed and signed by both parties together.
  • This is the back of the accident statement and must be completed separately (may also be done at home).

This is the front of the accident statement and must be completed and signed by both parties together.


This is the back of the accident statement and must be completed separately (may also be done at home).


Warning triangle

An accident or a defective vehicle on the road can cause very dangerous traffic situations. To prevent additional accidents, you must warn other road users about the accident.

  • Turn on four warning lights.
  • Turn off the engine.
  • Do not smoke or make fire.
  • Setting up a warning triangle:
    • On normal roads at least 30 meters from the accident site.
    • On motorways at least 100 meters.
    • It must be visible to approaching vehicles from 50 meters.

A warning triangle must be present in your car.


In the event of an accident or breakdown, you must place the warning triangle to warn other road users.


Emergency numbers

An emergency number is used to contact local emergency services for assistance. The emergency number differs from country to country. It's typically a three-digit number so that it can be easily remembered and dialed quickly. Some countries have a different emergency number for each of the different emergency services, these often differ only by the last digit.

  • In case of a traffic accident in Belgium, call 112.

There are several emergency numbers active in Belgium, in case of a traffic accident you call 112.


112 is active in Europe and 911 is active in the US and Canada.


Tunnel

A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.


Begin of a tunnel.


Direction of the nearest emergency exit.


Hit and run

A driver commits a hit and run if he leaves the scene of the accident with the intention of escaping the consequences. Never commit a jit and run, there are very strict penalties!

  • Hit-and-run crime carries severe penalties because first aid can save lives.
  • If you are involved in an accident you must always stop, if you do not its a hit and run crime.

If you are involved in an accident you must always stop, if you do not its a hit and run crime.


Never commit hit-and-run crime, because there are severe penalties.