The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.
A road user is any person who uses the public road, such as pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles. All road users must share the public road and recognize the possible dangers.
Pedestrians are road users who travel by foot in traffic. Drivers must recognize the special safety needs of pedestrians. Drivers should be especially alert for children, the elderly, and disabled pedestrians. They are the most frequent victims in auto pedestrian collisions. Elderly and disabled pedestrians may have poor vision and hearing and may move slowly. Children are often unpredictable and difficult to see. Be extra careful near children, especially at schools, bus stops, parks and playgrounds.
Mandatory path for pedestrians
Warning for children
Warning for a crossing for pedestrians
Crossing for pedestrians
Cyclists are expected to follow the same rules as motorized vehicles. As a driver, you should know that cyclists have the same rights, privileges and responsibilities as you. Cyclists drive between traffic when there is no bike path. Respect for each other will aid in the smooth flow of traffic. Cyclists may not be easily seen in traffic. You must be extra careful when approaching a cyclists. Just as motorists have different levels of skill, cyclists also have varying levels of skills. A skillful cyclist rides predictably and holds a steady line. An unskilled cyclist swerves unpredictably, ignores traffic signs or traffic lights or rides without a light at night. If you see an unskilled cyclists, be ready for any sudden movements.
Mandatory path for cyclists
Warning for cyclists
Crossing for cyclists
Motorcyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as other drivers. However, it is more difficult to see them and it is more difficult to determine what they will do. There are special situations and conditions we need to be aware of so we can safely share the road with motorcycles.
Exercise due care when approaching a horse being ridden or led along a road. You must drive at a reasonable speed, and at a reasonable distance away from the horse. It is illegal to sound your horn or cause loud or unusual noises when approaching or passing a horse.
Trucks, tractors, buses and caravans are longer, higher and wider than other vehicles. They accelerate slowly and require more space for stopping and turning. There are also dangerous areas around these vehicles were crashes are more likely to occur. These areas are called blind spots of the vehicle. Blind spots are areas where your car disappears from the driver’s view. Knowing the blind spots can save your life!
Buses en trams
The special wheelchair-accessible bed is reserved for trams and buses. It is not part of the lane, so other vehicles are not allowed to drive, park or stand still. There may be exceptional driving when there is an obstacle on the road or at the last meters of a crossroads, when you want to turn left or right.
Warning for trams
Lane for buses
Lane for buses and trams
In case of two alternating blinking red lights, you must stop in front of the stop line. A moon-white flashing light means you can drive further.
If your vehicle is stuck on a railroad crossing, you are in a life-threatening situation. When a train approaches, you immediately leave the vehicle and run in the direction of where the train is coming. If you run in the same direction as the train, you have a chance of being hit by debris. If you are completely sure that no trains are approaching, try to move the vehicle. If the vehicle does not start anymore, put it in neutral so that you can push it from the railroad.
Warning for a railroad crossing without barriers
Warning for a railroad crossing with barriers
Warning for a railroad crossing with 1 railway
Warning for a railroad crossing with more than 1 railway