The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.
There are many dangers on the road, drivers must recognize these dangers and respond in the right way. Here you will find an overview of the most common hazards.
Reduce your speed in rain, snow and sleet. The road surface is more slippery in bad weather conditions, making the tires have less grip. On a wet road, you should reduce your speed by about 15 km/h. On packed snow, you should cut your speed in half. Use snow tires or chains when the road has snow on it. On ice you have to drive very carefully, because a vehicle is not controllable on ice. It is very dangerous to drive on ice.
Warning for heavy crosswind
Warning for a slippery road surface
When it is raining or the road is wet, most tires have good traction up to about 55 km/h. As you go faster, your tires will start to ride up on the water like water skis. This is called “hydroplaning.” When there is water on the road surface your tires can lose all traction with the road. Bald or badly worn tires could lose traction at much lower speeds. The best way to keep from hydroplaning is to slow down in the rain or when the road is wet.
In road works, temporary orange colored lines are often painted on the road surface. The orange stripes then replace the white ones.
Warning for roadworks
Warning for loose chippings on the road surface
Crossing animals can cause dangerous traffic situations. In green areas it often happens that animals cross the road.
Warning for cattle on the road
Warning for crossing deer
A driver must concentrate on driving his vehicle. A driver is distracted when something pulls away his attention from the road, so he can focus less on driving his vehicle. A distracted driver is at greater risk of being involved in an accident. With the known consequences (property damage, injuries, deaths).
Emotions can have a huge effect on your driving behavior. They can influence the way we think, take risks and process information. Someone who is overly worried, excited, angry, scared or depressed, runs an extra risk to get carried away by his emotions.
Driving a vehicle is a complex and underestimated skill. There are many health problems that can affect your ability to drive. A stiff neck, a cough or pain in the legs can cause you to react more slowly. If you do not feel well, let someone else drive. Medication can also have a major impact on your driving. Consult your doctor if you think you may have a condition that would prevent you from driving safely.
There is always a chance that your vehicle will get problems while you are driving. Make sure your vehicle gets serviced on time. Check the manual of your vehicle for maintenance guidelines. Following these guidelines reduces the chance of your vehicle having a problem.