Traffic rules

The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.


A speed limit can be indicated at any time with the traffic sign below. The traffic sign means that it is forbidden to drive faster than indicated. The traffic sign is valid until the next crossroad or until the traffic sign announcing the end.

Driving faster than indicated prohibited (speed limit)

End of the speed limit


A motorway is a public road that is intended for fast motorized traffic, such as cars, motorcycles, trucks and buses. The begin and end is indicated by the traffic signs below. On a motorway there is a central reservation between the two directions and there are no traffic lights or crossroads. The maximum speed is 120 km/h and the minimum speed is 70 km/h.

Begin of a motorway

End of the motorway


The speed on an expressway depends on the separation between the lanes. If the lanes are separated by a central reservation, then the maximum speed is 120 km/h. If they are separated by a road marking then the maximum speed is 90 km/h. The speed can of course be limited by traffic signs. An expressway does not have a minimum speed and crossroads and traffic lights may be present.

Begin of an expressway

End of the expressway

Built-up area

The built-up area is an area designated by the government where there is a lot of buildings. Because of the higher population density, drivers have to be extra careful for other road users. Pay extra attention near crossings, schools and parks. The begin and end of the built-up area is indicated by the traffic signs below. The maximum speed is limited to 50 km/h. If you leave the built-up area, you can drive 70 km/h on ordinary roads in Flanders and 90 km/h in Wallonia.

Begin of a built-up area

End of the built-up area

Residential area

Pedestrians walk on the road in a residential area, but they are not allowed to hinder traffic. Children are allowed to play on the road in a residential area, so the speed is limited to 20 km/h. Parking is only allowed at the places provided there.

Begin of a residential area

End of the residential area


A zone consists of one or more public roads. The begin and end of the zone is indicated by the traffic signs below. As long as you drive within the zone, the restriction of the traffic sign applies.

Begin of a zone with speed limit

End of the zone with speed limit

Cyclist street

A cyclist street is a street in which the cyclists are the most important road users. Motor vehicles are allowed, but cars are not allowed to overtake cyclists. The maximum speed in a bicycle street is 30 km/h.

Lane for cyclists

End of the lane for cyclists

Pedestrian zone

A pedestrian zone is a zone where pedestrians are the most important road users.

Begin of a zone for pedestrians

End of the zone for pedestrians