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Traffic rules

The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.


Driving

Driving is a very complex skill, because you often have to do several actions at the same time. Here you will find the basis for safe driving.

Starting

Check the vehicle owner’s manual for how to best start the vehicle. Make sure the parking brake is on before you start the vehicle. If the vehicle has a manual transmission, it must not be in gear. In some vehicles, the clutch must be depressed. For a vehicle that has an automatic transmission, you must put the shift selector in “park.”



Accelerating

Accelerate gradually and smoothly. Trying to start too fast can cause the drive wheels to spin, particularly on slippery surfaces, and cause the vehicle to slide. With a manual-shift vehicle, practice using the clutch and accelerator so that the engine does not over accelerate or stall when shifting between gears.



Steering

Both hands should be placed on opposite sides of the steering wheel (i.e., left hand between 8 and 10 o’clock and right hand between 2 and 4 o’clock). This position is comfortable and on high-speed roads it allows you to make turns without taking your hands from the wheel.



Scanning

To be a good driver, you must know what is happening around your vehicle. You must look ahead, to the sides, and behind your vehicle. Scanning helps you to see problems ahead; vehicles and people that may be in the road by the time you reach them, signs warning you of problems ahead, and signs giving you directions.



Space

You must always share the road with others. The more distance you keep between yourself and everyone else, the more time you have to react. The space between vehicles is essential for driving safe and smooth.


Speed bump

A speed bump is announced by the traffic signs below. The speed is limited to 30 km/h.

Warning for a speed bump


Speed bump


Tunnel

If a tunnel is longer than 500 meters, it is indicated by the traffic sign below. The exact length can be indicated on the board.

Begin of a tunnel



Documents

A driver must always have his identity card and driver's license with him. A registration certificate, certificate of conformity, insurance certificate and proof of inspection must be present in the vehicle. All documents must be original, a copy is not valid.

Identiteitskaart


Rijbewijs


Inschrijvingsbewijs


Gelijkvormigheidsattest


Verzekeringsbewijs


Keuringsbewijs


Attributen

The following attributes must also be present in a vehicle: warning triangle, first aid kit, fire extinguisher and a fluo vest. A spare wheel, jack, GPS, parking disc and traction cable are not required, but can be useful.

Gevarendriehoek


Verbanddoos


Brandblustoestel


Fluovest