The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.
A good driver knows his vehicle and can quickly identify and solve problems with the vehicle. Here you can find an overview of the most important parts of the vehicle.
Only your brakes can stop your vehicle. It is very dangerous if they are not working properly. If they do not seem to be working properly, make a lot of noise, emit an unusual odor, or the brake pedal goes to the floor, have a mechanic check them. If the vehicle pulls to one side when the brake is applied this would indicate a problem in the braking system and that it should be serviced.
Worn or bald tires can increase your stopping distance and make turning more difficult when the road is wet. Unbalanced tires and low-pressure cause faster tire wear, reduce fuel economy, and make the vehicle harder to steer and stop. If the vehicle bounces, the steering wheel shakes, or the vehicle pulls to one side, have a mechanic check it. Worn tires increase the effect of “hydroplaning” and increase the chance of having a flat tire. Check your tire’s air pressure with an air pressure gauge when the tires are cold. Check the vehicle owner’s manual or the side of the tires for the proper pressure.
M.T.M. (Maximum Permissible Mass) is the total weight that a car, along with petrol, driver, passengers and full load may weigh. M.T.M. is determined by the manufacturer. If the vehicle weighs more heavily than the M.T.M. then it no longer meets the safety standards. With a driving license B you can drive with cars of which the M.T.M. does not exceed 3500kg. Traffic signs about speed, overtaking, parking and cruise control are about M.T.M
M.B.T. (Mass in Laden Condition) is the real weight of a car, along with the gasoline, driver, passengers and full load. The M.B.T. may never the M.T.M. exceed.
Vehicles heavier than indicated prohibited
A car together with the load may be up to 4 meters high and 2.55 meters wide. If it is higher or wider than it falls under "exceptional transport". Carrying something on the roof of a car increases the air resistance and fuel consumption. That is why you should remove a ski box or a roof rack if you do not need it. A bike is best placed at the back of the car instead of on the roof.
Vehicles wider than indicated prohibited
Vehicles higher than indicated prohibited
Vehicles longer than indicated prohibited
In some places you may not drive with a dangerous load.
Vehicles with dangerous goods prohibited
Vehicles with explosive materials prohibited
Vehicles with polluted fluids prohibited
Windshield, windows and wipers
It is important that you are able to see clearly through the windows and windshield. Clear snow, ice, or frost from all windows before driving. Make sure the inside of the windshield and windows are clean as well. Damaged glass can break very easily in a minor collision or when something hits the windshield. Have a damaged windshield replaced. Windshield wipers keep the rain and snow off the windshield. Some vehicles also have wipers for rear windows. Make sure all wipers are in good operating condition. If the blades are not clearing water well, replace them.
The suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. Your suspension helps you control your vehicle and provides a comfortable ride over varying road surfaces.
The exhaust system reduces the noise from the engine and helps to cool down gases coming from the engine. It moves these gases to the rear of the vehicle. Gases from a leaky exhaust can cause death inside a vehicle in a very short time. Never run the motor in a closed garage.
A poorly running engine may lose power while you're driving, this can cause problems for you and other road users. A poorly maintained engine is difficult to start, polluting, and uses more fuel.