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Traffic rules

The traffic rules describe how a road user must act on the public road, which includes obligations but also advice on how to drive sensibly and safely. All road users must know and apply the traffic rules.


Priority

The priority rules indicate who can drive first. They apply at crossroads and road narrowings.

Uncontrolled crossroad

An uncontrolled crossroad is a crossroad where traffic is not accompanied by traffic signs, road markings or traffic lights. At such a crossroad, drivers must give priority to vehicles coming from the right.

Warning for an uncontrolled crossroad


Crossroad with traffic signs

At a crossroad controlled by traffic signs, the traffic signs indicate which driver has priority.

Give way to all drivers


Stop and give way to all drivers


Begin of a priority road


End of the priority road


Warning for a crossroad side roads on the left and right


Warning for side road on the right


Crossroad with traffic lights

At a crossroads controlled by traffic lights, the traffic lights indicate who has priority. If the traffic light is green, you’re allowed to drive through. If the light has been green for a while, make sure you can stop when it turns orange. With an orange light you have to stop, you may only drive through if you are already so close that you can not stop safely. With a red light, you must stop and wait until the light turns green.

At a green light you can drive on


At an orange light you can drive on, only if you can't stop in time


At a red light you must stop


Crossroad with police

At a crossroad controlled by a policeman you have to follow the orders of the policeman. If the policeman has one arm vertical, all road users must stop. If he has one or two arms horizontally, then road users who come to his belly and back must stop. Road users who come to his fingertips or his side may continue to cross the crossroad to turn straight ahead, left or right.

Arm vertical: all road users must stop


Arm horizontal: Road users who come to his belly and back must stop


Arm horizontal: Road users who come to his fingertips or his side may continue to cross


Roundabout

A roundabout is a type of circular crossroad in which road traffic flows almost continuously in one direction around a central island. The drivers that are on the roundabout have always priority.

Mandatory direction of the roundabout


Roundabout with multiple lanes


Road narrowing

With a road narrowing, the road is not wide enough to allow two vehicles to cross. A road narrowing can be indicated by the traffic signs below. If there are no traffic signs, the driver on the side of the obstacle must give priority.

Road narrowing, oncoming drivers have to give way


Road narrowing, give way to oncoming drivers


Warning for a road narrowing on the left


Warning for a road narrowing


Warning for a road narrowing on the right